Five athletes tested positive for the stimulant bromantan and were disqualified by the IOC, but later reinstated after an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport: swimmers Andrey Korneyev and Nina Zhivanevskaya , Greco-Roman wrestler Zafar Guliyev and sprinter Marina Trandenkova , all from Russia, and the Lithuanian track cyclist Rita Razmaitė . Dr. Vitaly Slionssarenko, physician to the Lithuanian cycling team and team coach Boris Vasilyev were expelled from the games.    The CAS overturned the IOC decision, because bromantan had only recently been added to the prohibited list,  and the athletes and officials were reprimanded.    The Russians had argued that bromantans wasn't a stimulant and thus not banned.  
Users on an oral steroid cycle may experience a sudden increase in body weight and muscular development, insomnia, irritability, aggressive combative behavior, puffy face, severe acne, bad breath, a yellowing of the eyes and skin, premature hair loss, hyperactivity, and exaggerated mood swings that include uncontrollable outbursts of anger. Males may also experience testicular shrinkage and can develop female breast tissue on the pectoral muscles. Females may also experience a deeper voice and decreased breast size. Continued use can result in life-threatening situations involving the liver, cardiovascular system, and brain.